As a follow-up to the World Conference on Science (Budapest, 1999), UNESCO and ICSU decided in 2005 to take action to strengthen the interactions between the Academies of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe (ESEE) countries and their involvement in international science cooperation. As a first step, a questionnaire was sent out in early 2006 to the concerned Academies to collect information on their activities and organizations, as well as on their aspirations and needs. As a second step, UNESCO and ICSU organized this Conference designed to bring all ESEE Academies together with a view to:
- review a set of strategic science issues relevant to regional and international cooperation, and the role that the Academies can play thereon;
- assess the role of the ESEE Academies in the national and regional contexts; and
- enhance the role of science in society and the building of knowledge societies in ESEE countries.